Oh, the art in Peru is one of the favorite things that foreign Peruvian people and foreign people love to talk about.
Almost all the time art in Peru has been in the veins of its history. In the beginning, in the Incas time, the art of the Inca civilization of Peru produced some of the finest works ever crafted in the ancient Americas. Inca art is best seen in highly polished metalwork, ceramics, and, above all, textiles, with the last being considered the most prestigious by the Incas themselves.
There are so many and important expressions in this country and its towns, that we will need a lot of time to describe it; by the moment we will let you know the most relevant of each time
To start a little bit of history. Peruvian art has its origin the Andean civilization where the societies od many cultures and people mainly developed in the river valleys of the coastal deserts; from Ecuador to Chile and Argentina. Some people think that first developed on the narrow coastal.
Despite severe environmental challenges, the Andean civilizations domesticated a wide variety of crops, some of which became of worldwide importance. The Andean civilizations were also noteworthy for monumental architecture, textile weaving, and many unique characteristics of the societies they created. Spanish rule ended or transformed many elements of the Andean civilizations, notably influencing religion and architecture.
The Escuela Cusqueña, Cusco School was a Roman-Catholic artist tradition based in Cusco during the colonial period from the 16th to 18th centuries. Many colonial Cusco School paintings are preserved, most of them currently at Cusco, but also in other areas of Peru as well as other countries. Peruvian art is often viewed through the lens of Spain’s influence, in two stages. First, the native handicrafts–woven, intricate designs, and elaborately sculpted ceramics–the true art forms of the Andes. Then the second phase,
the neo-baroque and Gothic influence of Spain, and Catholic religious art, an integral part of the colonization that began in the early 16th century. In the resulting mix, European styles and art forms permeated with the artistic sensibilities of the locals.
During this centuries, artists came to Peru seeking commissions; as a sample, we have Bernardo Bitti that set up a workshop to train native people to paint in the baroque style which most famously was The Last Supper made by Marcos Zapata; the painting that is still hanging in the Cathedral of Cusco.
We can not forget the famous Martin Champi who was a photographer, originally from southern Peru and has become the only major indigenous Latin American photographer of his time. Recognized for the profound historic and ethnic documentary value of his photographs, he was a prolific portrait photographer in the towns and countryside of the Peruvian Andes. As well as being the leading portrait photographer in Cuzco, Chambi made many landscape photographs, which he sold mainly in the form of postcards, a
format he was a pioneer of in Peru. In 1979, New York’s Museum of Modern Art held a Chambi retrospective, which later traveled to various locations and inspired other international expositions of his work.
In Music; Peruvian music is an amalgamation of sounds and styles drawing on Peru’s Andean musical roots and Spanish musical influences. Native Peruvian music is dominated by the national instrument, the charango. The zampoña is a traditional Andean panpipe. It accompanies the folk music of the high Andes, where it is widely used. It is one of the main instruments in Andean Huayno. The harps are derived from the Baroque harps that were brought from Spain during the colonial period. Few Peruvian artists have encountered international fame. One female singer has become very successful from the ’50s and is now a live legend. Yma Sumac is a noted soprano of Peruvian origin. During the 1950s.
In theatre; Peruvian theatre has been successful thanks to authors such as Felipe Pardo, Manuel Ascencio Segura during the 19th century, and more recently Percy Gibson Parra or Juan Rios. Theatrical activity is booming thanks to university theatres and is increasing its audience thanks to new kinds of performances, such as the rural theatre. This art as developing all this year.
The textile art has had a great development in all stages. In recent years, alpaca has been used and continues to be used as a star product as well as vicuña for a high purchasing power.
Now, in this era, le museums and artists especially in Lima have had incredible development. We have world-famous photographers such as Mario Testino, known all around the world and preferred for the nobles and artists As you can see, in Peru in Peru you can never finish talking about art and culture.
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